Monday, March 30, 2009

Larrabee Instruction Set Talks

Here's the first public version of the slides from Tom Forsyth and Michael Abrash's GDC 2009 talks on Larrabee's instruction set, by way of Japanese magazine PC Watch, as seen on Beyond 3D's Forums. (You have to manually click on each of the little thumbnails of each slide.):

Hopefully Intel (or GDC) will release a better version of these slide decks sometime soon.

Say, was it just me, or was blogging really light about GDC this year? In past years I was a lot more technical writeups than I saw this year. I wonder if blogging is down in general? Is everyone on Facebook and Twitter now? I can't imagine Twitter being very useful for reporting technical information.

Here's Michael Abrash's Doctor Dobbs Journal article on the Larrabee instruction set.

Here's the Intel GDC 2009 Larrabee talks:

Rasterization on Larrabee: A First Look at the Larrabee New Instructions (LRBni) in Action

SIMD Programming on Larrabee: A Second Look at the Larrabee New Instructions (LRBni) in Action

Friday, March 27, 2009

Using XBMC on Mac Mini using both OSX and Linux

The Xbox Media Center (XBMC) is a nifty open-source application for watching videos. It was originally designed for use on modified Xbox video game consoles, but has more recently become popular for Intel-based Home Theater Personal Computers. It has been ported to Windows, Mac, and Linux. It has no PVR features, instead it concentrates on displaying streaming and downloaded videos. Its big advantage over using the Xbox 360's similar application is that it handles a much wider variety of streaming video sources and downloaded video codecs.

I've been running Plex, an OSX-specific version of the Xbox Media Center, on my Mac Mini for several months now. Overall it's a good product, but I had some issues for my application. I wanted Plex to serve as a consumer electronic device that my mother-in-law (who doesn't use computers and can't read English) could use by herself to watch videos. The system I put together didn't work very well for her. The problems we ran in to were:

1) The integration with the 6-button Apple Remote Control into the Plex/XBMC UI leaves a lot to be desired. The XBMC UI was designed to be used with a full-featured remote, and the Apple Remote mapping is just too hard to use. My mother-in-law would end up in the weeds of some obscure corner of the Plex UI, without knowing how she had gotten there or how to get back. The Plex software contributed to this problem by having a very sluggish interface to the Apple Remote, that frequently missed clicks. When you couple this with the overloading of "short" and "long" presses to try and give the Apple Remote more logical buttons, it became quite difficult (even for me) to reliably drive the UI. Even a task as simple as backing out of a playing video was difficult to do reliably.

2) OSX (and Plex) have trouble running in consumer-electronics mode, without a keyboard or mouse. OSX and Plex both liked to bring up modal dialogs to report errors or software updates. I was always having to drag out a keyboard and mouse to dismiss these dialogs.

Now, a sensible person would work around these issues by buying a Bluetooth keyboard and mouse, and software like "Remote Buddy" that enables the use of a full-featured remote. A somewhat more ambitious person might have rescripted the Plex UI to work better with the Apple Remote, or even dug into the sources to try and fix the sluggish event problem. But I'm restless, and wanted an excuse to try out Linux on the Mac Mini anyway. So this week I decided to see if the Linux version of XBMC worked any better.

Installing Linux XBMC

Installing Linux is alot like the old pre-Windows 95 days of DOS. I spent a lot of time trying different things and fiddling with hardware issues. Here's what finally worked for me:
So far (one day) this has worked well. The full-functioned remote control make a big difference in usability.

Some issues I ran into

Ubuntu 9.04 beta problems with OpenGL accelleration for the Mac Mini

The Ubuntu 9.04 beta Intel 945 OpenGL driver does not hardware accelerate as many features of OpenGL as in older versions of Ubuntu. XBMC's user interface runs very slowly. This is not XBMC-specific. Try using apt-get to install the "amoeba" OpenGL demo. It runs smoothly on Ubuntu 8.10, but is a 2-frame-per-second slide-show on Ubuntu 9.04 beta. I hope this regression gets fixed in future versions of Ubuntu 9.04, as it otherwise looks like a good system.

The prebuilt "PPA" XBMC binaries will crash on Ubuntu 8.10 when pausing video

I had to build XBMC from the subversion sources in order to fix a bug where pausing a video would immediately cause XBMC to crash. (I used a build from Thursday March 26th. I'm sorry but this is the first time I've used subversion, so I don't know how to figure out which revision number I'm synced to.) This is a bug that's been reported several times in the XBMC forums. It seems to be solved by compiling from source, without making any other changes. I'm suspicious that this may be due to some subtle difference between the libraries that you install to compile and the libraries that are installed when you install the prebuilt binary. (But that's just a guess. The real reason may be something completely different.)

Well, after all this the system seems to work pretty well for my application. Too bad my mother-in-law's finished her visit with us and gone back home. At least now I've got plenty of time to work out the bugs before her next visit.

[Revision notes]
3/27/09 - Updated for Ubuntu 9.04 beta.

Wednesday, March 25, 2009

Intel describes Larrabee instruction set

Perhaps in preparation for Friday's GDC talks by Michael Abrash and Tom Forsyth, Intel has described the Larrabee instruction set:

Prototype Primitives Guide

Intel includes a C source file that implements their new instruction set, so people can play around with the instructions before Larrabee ships.

The instruction set looks alot like a typical GPU shader instruction set. Lots of "log" and "rsqrt" type instructions. But there are also some interesting variations on MADD, such as MADD233_{PI,PS}, which I assume help shave cycles off of inner loops. The compress and expand instructions also look very useful. I look forward to reading code examples from Abrash and Forsyth in the near future!

Friday, March 6, 2009

Listening to my home music at work with SqueezeCenter and Softsqueeze

For some time I've wanted to listen to my home music collection on my computer at work. I tried a bunch of different approaches, and finally came up with one that works pretty well:
The resulting system works pretty well.

In case you're wondering, the SqueezeCenter program's main use is to serve music to the Squeezebox brand of internet radios. The ability to use it with a regular computer, without purchasing a Squeezebox internet radio, is a nice gesture on the part of the Logitec company that makes and sells Squeezebox internet radios.